Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.
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After feeding in the leaf whorl, 3rd to 4th instar larvae descend and bore into the plant stem. Adult African maize stalkborer moths lay eggs in a row between the stem and leafsheath.
They however attributed this to extremely high population pressure at late planting dates.
Busseola fusca (Fuller) – Maize Stalk Borer
In Africa, uncontrolled burning of fields and adjacent wild habitats during the dry season to clear land from bush-fallow in preparation for the first crop probably has a considerable impact on especially natural enemies.
Observations on the host plant adaptation of Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: South African Journal of Plant and Soil, 9 busssola In East Africa, from [ 4 ] until recently, B.
Crambidae and Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: Busseola fusca fecundity has not been studied in areas with bimodal rainfall distribution, which allows for more than one cropping season per bussola.
Stem borers on sorghum. Further details may bksseola available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.
Busseola fusca (Fuller)
The calling behaviour generally commences during the fourth hour after the onset of the scotophase bjsseola it is slightly delayed for females having emerged the same night as compared to older females [ 37 ].
We hypothesize that, apart from ballooning off, neonate larvae migrate between plants by crawling actively. Increase in cereal stem borer populations through partial elimination of natural enemies. In late-infested maize and sorghum, 1st instar larvae may commence feeding on silk of ears, panicles or in young emerging panicles for some time before migrating and commencing feeding inside ears or stems. The maize-stalk borer Busseola fusca, Fuller.
African maize stalk borer (Busseola fusca)
Stemborer research in Zimbabwe: Chemical ecology and phylogenetic approaches in three African Lepidoptera species of genus Busseola Noctuidae. The oviposition period lasts for 3—4 nights [ 23 ]. Author Contributions PAC initiated and finalized the write-up as bisseola as was coordinating the paper. Lepidopterous stem borers of sorghum and their natural enemies in eastern Ethiopia.
September 21, Citation: Noctuidae in the laboratory. Noctuidae in the humid forest of southern Cameroon. Diversity of sugarcane borer species and their extent bussekla damage status on cane and sugar yield in three commercial sugarcane plantations of Ethiopia. A summary of the life cycle of B. Although it is well known that B.
Host plant preference of the stem borer Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: This method has limited effectiveness once the larvae bore into the stem. Although Kfir [ 46 ] speculated that B. Noctuidae under laboratory conditions. Diagnostic work in West Africa indicated that increased plant diversity in mixed cropping and around wild habitats maize fields, or improvement of soil fertility via integration of grain legumes or cover crops as short fallow, or provision of nitrogen fertilizer or bussekla Si could influence B.
Short Communication Open Access. Resistance of maize genotypes to the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lep. The reasons provided by farmers for the high adoption rate of Bt -maize were largely given as ease of management [ ]. This differs from the known pattern in maize of three to five weeks, and could be ascribed to the difference in growth rates of the two crops. Generally, lepidopteran larvae display food preferences via buzseola phenomenon driven by chemoreceptors located on the mouthparts [ 95 ].
African maize stalkborers may be detected in older crops and in crop residues by taking random samples of stems to dissect to find caterpillars and pupae. During this behavioural step, the claws at the distal part of the ovipositor leave small injuries on the plant surface, which are deep enough to liberate inner plant cuticular compounds, which differ between plant species e.
This review provides updated information on the biology, distribution, genetics, host plant range and preference as well as management of B. After landing, the bussekla chemical composition of the plant surface conditions the host plant acceptance by the ovipositing females. In Cameroon, Telenomus spp.
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.