Equisetum hyemale, commonly known as rough horsetail, scouring rush, scouringrush horsetail and in South Africa as snake grass, is a perennial herb in the. American Horsetail Commonly known as American Horsetail, the stems are thicker than Equisetum hyemale, plus they are an attractive pink colour when young. The stems are thicker than. Equisetum hyemale, plus they are an attractive pink colour when young. Leave old growth standing through winter, cut down in.

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Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original xls on Giant Scouring Rush Equisetum Horsetail. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

American horsetail (Equisetum robustum Stock Photo: – Alamy

It is primarily found in wetlandsand in riparian zones of rivers and streams where it can withstand seasonal flooding.

Habitats equuisetum sand dunes, swales in black soil prairies and sand prairies, degraded railroad prairies, low-lying areas along rivers and ponds, marshes, seeps in open wooded areas, roadside ditches, pastures, and gravelly railroad embankments including the gravel ballast. Because of its tall stems and tendency to form dense colonies, Scouring Rush provides excellent cover for various kinds of wildlife, including wetland birds, small mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and insects.

Other habitats include equiestum forest and woodland openings, lake and pond shores, robutum, and marshes and swamps. The hollow stems are up to 3 feet 0. Root barriers or large sunken planters ease containment in the garden.

Boiled and dried Equisetum hyemale is used as traditional polishing material, similar to a eqiusetum grit sandpaperin Japan. The coal deposits of Illinois were formed in large part from the ancestral plants of today’s horsetails and ferns.

It is also used as an accent plant in garden ponds and ornamental pools, and other landscape water featuresplanted in submerged pots. The plant is an invasive species of moist natural habitats in South Africa and Australia. Views Read Edit View history. These are both types of E. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata Taxonbars with 25—29 taxon IDs.


The horsetails are closely related to ferns and both were common during the Carboniferous period million years agowhen tree-sized horsetails and ferns occurred.

Its tight verticality fits into narrow planting spaces between walkways and walls, and on small balconies. It is used as a homeopathic remedy.

Adequate water, mulch and a mid-season trim help ensure their staying power. The stems themselves have conspicuous ridges, which are impregnated with silica. In nature Equisetum hyemale grows in mesic reliably moist habitats, often in sandy or gravelly areas. The stems are not branched. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The Scouring Rush can be distinguished from other horsetails Equisetum spp. Scouring rush Conservation status. The arresting foliage of these easy-care, low growing perennials remains tidy well into November. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. I am always impressed by the large dense colonies that are often formed by the stems of this plant.

Current Staff’s Favorite Plant. Because the tough stems of Scouring Rush have coarse fibers and silica deposits, they are usually avoided by mammalian herbivores. However, drier conditions and other kinds equisrtum soil are tolerated.

The cones release their spores from late spring to mid-summer; they wither away later in the year.

American horsetail (Equisetum robustum)

By planting an assortment of woody plants as well as herbaceous perennials and ornamental grasses, which promote late season allure, a last hurrah is easily achieved. This is the largest horsetail in Illinois; it is somewhat unusual in having evergreen stems. The central stem is medium green, olive-green, or dark green, rough in texture, and evergreen.


Nch’i-Wana, “The Big River”: This plant is equiaetum distributed in both North America and Eurasia; equixetum typical variety or subspecies occurs in Eurasia. In spite of this common name, the Scouring Rush Equisetum hyemale affine is not a rush, but a horsetail.

Boasting a strong architectural appeal, this California native has sturdy bamboolike stems and is much taller than the species. Mid-Columbia Indians and Their Land. This perennial plant is ‘ tall, producing both fertile and infertile shoots. Digging Dog Nursery A retail and mail-order plant nursery specializing in unusual and hard-to-find perennials, ornamental grasses, shrubs, trees, and vines.

The stem joints have about fine longitudinal ridges. This plant is usually found in degraded habitats and less often in higher quality natural areas. Equisetum hyemale cultivated as an ornamental plantfor use in contained garden beds and planters, and in pots.

The deep green stems are divided by brown joints and, because they contain silica, were once used to polish tin and wood. University of Washington Press. Equsetum interior cavity of the central stem is quite large, spanning at least two-thirds of its diameter. Equisetkm individual joints that make up the central stem are up to several inches long; the upper joints are usually shorter than the lower joints. Like other ferns and their relatives, the plant reproduces by spores and does not produce flowers or seeds.

Each of the plants included in this newsletter bestow either plump berries, late blooms, compelling foliage or artful branching patterns.