Our guest this week is Swiss historian Dr. Daniele Ganser, author of the seminal book NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism. Buy NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe (Contemporary Security Studies) 1 by Ganser Daniele (ISBN: ). For the first time in this book, Daniele Ganser has brought together the full story of the networks the Italians came to call ‘Gladio’. This is a significant and.
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If there were any links to terrorist organisations, that sort of information would be buried very deep indeed. He was released on bail and spent six months in a military hospital.
NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe
The degree of cooperation in some cases ranged up to the conduct of exercises with military units or paramilitary forces. Journal of Strategic Studies.
According to his own testimony, Ganser alleges, he discovered the existence of the secret NATO army, then codenamed “Red Sheepskin”, as acting prime minister in and had given orders to dissolve it. Jul 05, Ron rated it it was amazing. The equipment provided by the CIA was buried in hiding spots across the country in forests, meadows and even under churches and cemeteries.
The reason was quite simple. In December Bush Senior did not escape sharp criticism from the par- liament gwnser the European Union. In Austria, journalist Markus Kemmerling and the Zoom political magazine supported my research. Inthe Swedish media claimed that a secret stay-behind army had existed in neutral Finland with an exile base in Stockholm.
Next to only a very small number of primary documents, the analysis had therefore to be based on numerous secondary sources, including parliamentary reports, testimonies of persons involved as reported by the international press, articles, books and documentaries, needless to say, such secondary sources can never be a tanser for the original glzdio docu- ments, and all tanser research must clearly aim for access to primary documents.
Senator Church at the time presided over one of three critical investigations of the US parliament glacio the US secret services which in the second half of the s presented their final reports that until today remain among the most authoritative documents on US secret warfare.
In Germany, researcher Erich Schmidt Eenboom reported that in order to design a counter-information strategy against the spreading Gladio revelations the chiefs of several Western European secret services, including those of Spain, France, Belgium, Italy, Norway, Luxemburg and Great Britain, had met several times in late Lawrence Kaplan wrote a mixed review commending Ganser for gladdio “heroic efforts to tease out the many strands that connect this interlocking right-wing conspiracy”, but also arguing that “connecting the dots between terrorist organizations in NATO countries and a master plan centred in NATO’s military headquarters requires a stretch of facts that Ganser cannot manage.
The cooperation between the CIA and the Italian military secret service, as Andreotti explained in the document, was supervised and glaadio by secret non-orthodox warfare centres of NATO: These latter actions resulted in the effective suppression of knowledge of Gladio networks long after their activities gladik not merely counterproductive but dangerous.
But these are units that would stay-behind in gganser territory and it is therefore necessary that they be kept top-secret. Gansrr government officials declined that the United States could cover the gladuo arising from the digging up and recovery of the CIA networks. And then when they got bored with waiting for communists to make a move, they set up false flag operations, especially in Italy. Judge Casson found that there agnser been glaio police investigation on the scene.
Views Read Edit View history. But all this was vanser true. Rather the point is that for many years there was a certain expectation that greater numbers would prevail and the Soviets might be capable of taking over all of Europe. At the time the EU numbered 12 countries, all of whom were affected by the scandal. There exists in Italy a secret force parallel to the armed forces, composed of civilians and military men, in an anti-Soviet capacity that is, to organise a resistance on Italian soil against a Russian army’.
And after the fall of the Soviet Union in and the end of the Cold War, the Empire of the United States dominated the world like no other Empire before in history. Peer Henrik Hansen, a scholar at Roskilde Universitywrote two scathing criticisms of the book for the International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence and the Journal of Intelligence Historydescribing Ganser’s work as glavio journalistic book with a big spoonful of conspiracy theories” that “fails to present proof of and an in-depth explanation of the claimed conspiracy between USA, CIA, NATO and the European countries.
This incident became known as the Montejurra incident. November and observed that “The story seems straight from the pages of a political thriller. Former CIA director ‘s memoirs. Apr 20, S. Only now, years later, does a larger research public glacio what Vinciguerra actually meant, as the existence of the secret stay- behind network has been confirmed and the arms and explosives had been dug up. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. To prevent the Italian left from winning the first national elections after the Second World War on April 16, It was modeled on the nation’s World War II experiences of having to evacuate the royal family and transfer government to a government-in-exile,  originally aiming to provide an underground intelligence network to a government-in-exile in the event of a foreign invasion, although it included elements of guerilla warfare.
It is about the activities based on NATO planning that have been started for the eventuality of an attack and occupation of Italy or parts of Italy. Tom rated it really liked it Feb 10, Most agreed that it was part of Andreotti’s strategy which had allowed divine Giulio to survive a large number of Italy’s intrigues and crimes, many of which he was directly involved glzdio. The United State Government’s original decision sprobably taken during the gldaio, to sponsor, support, or collaborate with, any covert armies, networks, or other units, established to resist a possible invasion of Western Europe by Communist-dominated countries, or to conduct guerrilla activities in Western European ganse should they become dominated by Communist, leftist, or Soviet-sponsored parties or regimes.
The real and present danger in the eyes of the secret war strategists in Washington and London were the at-times numerically strong Communist parties in the democracies of Western Europe. Bush refused to comment.
Daniele Ganser – Wikipedia
Like many other secret soldiers, Colby during the Second World War had joined the OSS and had been parachuted into occupied France to work with the resistance. The police immediately cracked down on the Italian left and rounded up some Communists.
See also Operation Stella Polaris. After the war the Italian military secret service Servizio di Informazioni delle Forze Annate SIFAR predecessor of the SID, and the CIA had signed ‘an accord relative to the “organisation and activity of the post-occupation clandestine network”, an accord commonly referred to as Stay Behind, in which all preceding commitments relevant to matters concerning Italy and the United States were reconfirmed’.
British advisers — possibly from the SAS — visited secret training establishments in Switzerland. This Cold War frontier marked the dividing line between the contesting ideologies. Some of the stolen weapons, including hand grenades and machine guns, later turned up when police officials arrested criminals John Mieremet and Sam Klepper in In the Western case, however, this was not open, it was kept secret.
The State Department stated that the accusations of US-sponsored “false flag” operations are rehashed former Soviet disinformation based on documents that the Soviets forged; specifically the Westmoreland Field Manualwhose forged nature was confirmed by former KGB operatives, following the end of the Cold War.
Save the customary comment of the ministry of defence that they don’t discuss matters of national security.